Why is there the need for robots in industries?

Why is there the need for robots in industries?

Why is there the need for robots in industries?

After the Industrial revolution the scenario of industries began to change. Many industries were established, they started hiring more workers for industrial purposes. But nowadays robots are acquiring industries more than the workers. Almost every industry uses industrial robots for some particular task. After observing the usage of robots in industries all over the world, different types of robots are being manufactured for industrial purposes. Let us know more about industrial robots.

S.NO.

INDEX

1.

History

2.

Types of industrial robot 

3.

Applications of robots in Industries

4.

Materials used in robot

5.

Need of industrial robot 

6.

Top manufacturer of Robot

7.

Conclusion

8.

Researchers and writers

9.

Reference paper

10.

Reference links

History

The first robot patent was made by George Devol in 1954. Then in 1956 George Devol and Joseph F. Engelberger established company Unimation. It was the first company to produce a robot, it’s task was to transfer objects from one place to another for a distance of 10-11 feet. ABB and KUKA robotics introduced industrial robots to Europe. AESA IRB was the first robot which was fully electrically driven. AESA IRB was made by ABB(formerly ASEA) 

Then in 1981 Takeo Kanade created the first robotic arm with motors installed directly into the joints. Then in the late 1970s many people took interest in robotics and many American companies entered the field. In 1988 Yaskawa America introduced the ERC control system. Then the first collaborative robot was installed.

Types of Industrial Robot

These are the types of Industrial robots:-

  • SCARA Robots

Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm (SCARA) is a robot which consists of 2 parallel or revolute joints for movement in the X-Y plane and has 1 prismatic for rotation. These types of robots are ideal for assembly purposes.

  • Articulate Robots

This type of Robot has 3 Revolute joints which makes it Look like a human arm. It is the most commonly used robot in the industry. It is also called robotic arm or prismatic arm.

  • Cartesian Robots

It has 3 prismatic joints , whose axes are coincident with a cartesian coordinate system. It is also called a gantry robot. It moves in the X-Y-Z direction.

  • Parallel or Delta Robots

These robots consist of 3 or more prismatic joints . These robots are generally used for direct control tasks and high maneuvering operations.

  • Collaborative Robots 

These robots can directly and safely interact with humans in a shared workspace. These robots are made for work with humans in a single workspace.

Applications of robots in Industries

  • Handling

It is the largest application of robots. It includes grasping, transporting, packaging, palletizing and picking. Current applications of robot handling systems are teding of CNC machines, palletizing, lifting of objects, for reasons of cleanliness like in cleanliness in food, pharmaceutical and semiconductor industries.

  • Bin picking

It is a manipulating task that involves detecting objects which are arranged in a highly unstructured manner and placing them individually.

  • Welding

The most used robot based welding is spot welding, particularly in car body assembly, gas-shielded metal arc welding. Manual welding requires skill workers also workers are exposed to hazardous working conditions. 

  • Assembly

Robotic assembly applications include automotive components like pumps, motors and gearboxes. Assembly robots are ideal for tasks demanding speed and precision like applying sealants and adhesives. It boosts the quality and capacity and reduces the cost.

  • Painting

To eliminate the error done by humans in painting or spraying and due to hazardous workplaces for human paint robots were introduced. They minimize the spraying error and deliver uniform film builds and exact thickness. 

  • Processing

It can be used for various processes like grinding, drilling, polishing, cutting. This robot makes it easy to cut, grind, polish or drill easily and fast without making any error.

Materials used in robot

S.NO.

MATERIAL

PRICE

1.

Steel

INR 43000 to 52000 per quintal

2.

Rubber

INR 17400 per quintal

3.

Aluminium

Around INR 20000

4.

Kevlar

INR 1500 - 2200 per meter 

Need of industrial robot 

We can see that in today’s era robots are acquiring industry more than humans. Unlike humans, robots can do several tasks repeatedly, without error, and with good accuracy. 

They can be programmed for dangerous and repetitive tasks with accuracy and precision. They can do tasks which humans can also do like Drilling, painting, welding, grinding, cutting, and assembly. Another reason for the need of robots in industry is that the products should be highly finished and quality and to maintain this quality and finishing we require robots.

Top manufacturer of Industrial Robot

COMPANIES

FOUNDED IN

PLACE/HEADQUARTER

WEBSITE

Honda Motors

1959

Japan

https://global.honda/innovation/robotics.html

Siemen AG

1847

Germany

https://new.siemens.com/in/en.html

Sony

1946

Japan

https://us.aibo.com/

iRobot

1990

USA

https://www.irobot.in/

ABB

1988

Switzerland

https://global.abb/group/en

Yamaha motors

1955

Japan

https://global.yamaha-motor.com/business/robot/yamaha-motor-robot/

Seiko Epson

1942

Japan

https://epson.com/industrial-robots-factory-automation

DENSO

1949

Japan

https://www.denso.com/in/en/

Kuka

1898

Germany

https://www.kuka.com/

Yaskawa

1915

Japan

https://www.yaskawa-global.com/

Grey orange

2011

Gurugram(India)

https://www.greyorange.com/

Invento 

2016

Ahmedabad(India)

https://mitrarobot.com/

Grid bots

2007

Bangalore(India)

https://www.gridbots.com/

PARI(Precision Automation & Robotics India 

1990

Pune(India)

https://wipropari.com/

Conclusion

We invite all the Knowledge seekers who want to know more details and research about industrial robots. We are always ready to support . You can contact us on 9116098980/9119112929. You can mail us on zumosunsoft@gmail.com.

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Reference paper

  1. Industrial robots,Martin Hägele, Klas Nilsson, J. Norberto Pires, Rainer Bischoff

Reference Links

  1. https://global.abb/group/en
  2. https://www.denso.com/in/en/
  3. https://www.kuka.com/
  4. https://www.gridbots.com/
  5. https://wipropari.com/
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_robot
  7. https://www.mhi.org/fundamentals/robots